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Study, Jul/20: The effect of sleep meds on prospective & retrospective memory


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The full title of this Brazilian study is "The effect of sleep medications on prospective and retrospective memory: a population-based study ".

 

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32682875/

 

Abstract

 

Sleep medications, especially benzodiazepines, are known to cause motor and cognitive impairments as side-effects from their use. However, an evaluation of the effects of sleep medications in general on prospective and retrospective memory remains to be seen. Thus, the effects of the different types of sleep medicines were assessed using the total score and the 8 subscales of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) in a representative sample from the Municipality of São Paulo. The effects of each type of medication on these same parameters were evaluated afterwards. Each analysis was performed controlling for different covariates to observe their degree of interference on the observed results. Impairment due to use of sleep aid medication was observed in 6 of the 8 subscales, as well in the overall score of the PRMQ when compared to non-users. Prospective subscales were particularly affected, even when controlling for highly interfering covariates such as depression and anxiety, and objective sleep variables related to sleep architecture and wakefulness in the night. Few effects were detected between the various types of medication even when controlling for covariates, suggesting that a sample with higher power is necessary to conduct a more detailed analysis. Using pharmacological aids to improve sleep may impair prospective and (to some extent) retrospective memory. Therefore, the relationship between sleep impairment, memory deficits and medication use must be considered by physicians.

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